[VAcourier] MOC article
Virginia Division SCV Communication List
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Wed Jun 11 07:31:01 EDT 2008
'The Museum of the Confederacy - A Brief Look At A Worsening Situation'
By Valerie Protopapas
The Original Spirit of the Museum of the Confederacy:
The glory, the hardships, the heroism of the war were a noble heritage for
our children. To keep green such memories and to commemorate such virtues,
it is our purpose to gather together and preserve in the Executive Mansion
of the Confederacy the sacred relics of those glorious days. [From the first
appeal for donations to the Museum in January, 1892]
"The need of an organization to preserve a true and faithful record of the
gallant struggle made by the soldiers of the South for independence being
keenly felt, the Confederate Memorial Literary Society was chartered and
organized under the laws of Virginia, its object being to teach all future
generations the true history of the war and the principles for which these
soldiers laid down their lives."
[From the first paragraph of the Introduction Page: Catalogue of the
Confederate Museum of the Confederate Memorial Literary Society, 1905]
Dedication of Administrators from Earlier Days:
"(W)e must pray that others will rise up to carry on the trust."
[Former Board President Sally Archer Anderson, 1926]
Warnings of a New Direction:
"We're the Museum of the Confederacy, not the Museum for the Confederacy"
[Former director Robin Reed, 1988-2001*] [*dates approximate]
"It's not a memorial or a shrine, it's a museum and research center."
[Present Director S. Waite Rawls]
Antecedents of the Current Situation:
Present Director of the MoC, S. Waite Rawls has rightly declared that the
Museum of the Confederacy should "tell our story" and by that, one assumes
he means the story of the attempt by certain Southern states to secede from
the Union - including what brought the people of those states to this
position, what they did and the constitutional basis for their actions, the
war they waged against the attempt by the federal government and the states
remaining in the Union to forcibly return them to that entity and so forth.
Unfortunately, those whom Rawls has chosen to tell that "story" are men like
Gary Gallagher, co-author of "The Myth of the Lost Cause" and Irwin Jordan
- a so-called "black Confederate expert" - whose book refers to these brave
black men who fought beside their fellow Confederates rather than in
segregated commands under white officers as "zealots of the wrong".
Nor is Rawls the first administrator of the MoC who seems to think that "our
story" is best told by "those people" to quote General Robert E. Lee.
Indeed, he seems to be only the last of a rather long and sorry parade of
like-minded individuals. One of Rawls' predecessors opened the Museum for
lectures by such as Alan Nolan, author of the book, "Lee Considered". Nolan
is a lawyer from Wisconsin, a notable champion of the Union's "Iron Brigade"
and no friend of Lee or the Confederacy. In 1999, Curator Malinda Collier
was quoted as saying in an article on the Museum's plans for a 130th year
exhibit on Robert E. Lee, that the exhibition would attempt to explain "how
this man who led a traitorous army" nevertheless rose from the status of
sectional hero to one of the foremost American heroes of all time. Most
recently, in continuation of this apparent celebration of all things hostile
to the Confederacy and its heroes, the prestigious "Jefferson Davis Award"
was bestowed upon a work entitled "Reading the Man: A Portrait of Robert E.
Lee Through His Private Letters by Elizabeth Brown Pryor. This book was
advertised as a revelation of Lee based upon newly discovered correspondence
but instead, it is a politically correct character assassination consisting
of the author's perceptions of Lee which are supposedly validated by a very
few previously unpublished letters. Of course, there were kudos from the
usual establishment "historians and critics" - and outcries from Museum
members about what was either a total lapse of judgment on the part of the
Administration or another example of the deviation in the museum's goals
and policies from its founding principles. In fact, given what has happened
since Director Rawls' installation, one has to wonder just whose "story"
this gentleman wants told.
The attitude that Director Rawls is ostensibly attempting to counter by
virtue of his ongoing collaboration with these foes of Southern culture,
history and heritage, was clearly enunciated by author James McPherson. In
1999 McPherson gave an interview with Ed Sebesta on the liberal Pacifica
Radio network program Democracy Now! on the subject of the Museum of the
Confederacy and its Lone Star Ball fundraising event as well as Sebesta's
views on the historical Confederacy and modern day organizations connected
with it. Sebesta stated that the Sons of Confederate Veterans and the United
Daughters of the Confederacy were created with the motive of celebrating the
Confederacy, including the use of slavery in the Confederate economy, and
white supremacy. The interview with McPherson . . . included the following
statement: ". . . I agree a 100% with Ed Sebesta about the motives or the
hidden agenda . . . of such groups as the United Daughters of the
Confederacy and the Sons of Confederate Veterans. They are dedicated to
celebrating the Confederacy and rather thinly veiled support for white
supremacy. And I think that also is . . . (the) hidden agenda of the
Confederate flag issue in several southern states."
Apparently, however, MoC's Administration had made sufficient "brownie
points" with McPherson, for him to state that it had changed its
orientation, from its original purpose of celebrating the Confederacy: "Over
time, and especially in the last decade or two," said McPherson, "it (the
MoC) has become a much more professional, research-oriented, professional
exhibit-oriented facility . . ." In other words, the "politically correct"
Mr. McPherson approved of the MoC and its present "orientation". Thus, the
actions of Director Reed and Curator Collier, among others I'm sure, had won
over McPherson and perhaps some of his fellow travelers. But one has to
wonder if in doing so, their actions compensated for the abandonment of the
original mission of the MoC as stated in writing by its founders and their
betrayal of most of the present contributors to the Museum of whom one must
doubt that either Mr. McPherson or Mr. Sebasta in fact, are.
As a further attempt to "revitalize" the institution, present Director Rawls
told a reporter that he was thinking of partnering the MoC with the slavery
museum in Fredericksburg as well as the planned museum at Fort Monroe should
the MoC be moved in whole or in part to those locations. Parenthetically, as
Fort Monroe was a haven for runaway slaves, one must suppose that any museum
at that location would be largely if not principally devoted to that issue.
Yet Rawls seems unconcerned that such establishments tend to be extremely
one-sided in their treatment of the very complex subject of slavery - and
are usually rabidly anti-Confederate in their focus. However, even Rawls'
efforts are not universally successful and there were considerable negative
responses from Lexington's "black community" and their white supporters when
it was discovered that Lexington was being considered as a site for the MoC.
One Al Hockaday -owner of two local stores, we are told - voiced his less
than rational concerns about the impact of the MoC on Lexington as a whole.
"I think the negative impacts would be more than the city could bear," this
gentleman opined and further predicted that minority enrollment would
drastically diminish at local universities because the museum would erode
the town's social climate. One wonders about the intelligence of people who
entertain - much less publicly express - such grossly irrational and
supremely ignorant viewpoints! Nonetheless, despite the stupidity of these
comments, Rawls addressed them by assuring Mr. Hockaday and others that the
MoC is "not a memorial or a shrine. It's a museum and research center."
Sheryl Wagner, director of marketing for Rockbridge tourism, pointed out
that there had been "miscommunication" about the name. "You have to consider
that the museum is about learning, not promoting the Confederacy."
Apparently, Rawls believes that these are the people and the communities
that would "enhance" the future of the Museum. That being the case, one has
to wonder what sort of "future" Mr. Rawls envisions for the institution if
he finds these sentiments and those who express them, acceptable and even
If this - and other incidents too numerous to mention - weren't enough,
Director Rawls has also determined that the Museum of the Confederacy needs
the "blessing" of the NAACP. The ongoing assault by that organization on
all things traditionally Southern and/or Confederate is well known and
undeniable. In fact, its actions have prolonged its existence far beyond any
usefulness - and made a considerable profit out of being "offended" by all
things Southern, demanding that they be removed, expunged and/or buried in
the deepest possible pit, never again to see the light of day. Therefore, it
is hardly strange that no "official blessing" was forthcoming from these
overly-sensitive souls when Rawls approached them at one meeting. However,
our intrepid Director was thrown a crumb for his conscientious groveling
when the Spotsylvania NAACP graciously consented to consider the matter
providing, of course, that the MoC tells "the whole story" of the "Civil
War" (sic). Those familiar with the lexicon of political correctness know
instinctively that this means "tell it our way or else!"
Yet, this might not be a problem given Mr. Rawls' understanding of the
patrons he wishes to attract to the MoC. In a statement made to the Fort
Monroe organization in an attempt to make the institution more "palatable",
Rawls complained that those criticizing the Museum have misperceptions and
that, its visitors, in Rawls' words are "...NOT the redneck in the pickup
truck with the T-shirt on that you might think of." Rather, according to
Rawls, visitors to the Confederacy museum are "well-educated, retired,
married couples who are history buffs" . These sentiments - clearly
illustrative of Rawls' elitism - require no comment; they speak for
Finally, according to the report on the Fort Monroe plan by Conover Hunt,
the authority's interim executive director, the idea was to bring in experts
in African-American history, Union history and Confederate history with said
"experts" collaborating at a symposium and offering a comprehensive plan
for a museum campus. But the question then is, whose "experts"? Does anyone
seriously believe that they will not be the same "experts" who have been
defining the era's history from the beginning? Consequently, can any
intelligent person believe that the "Confederacy" will receive objective,
fair and balanced treatment? The answer to that is, I believe, painfully
How did Rawls react to all of the foregoing? Well, among other things, he
openly considered removing the name "Confederate" from the title of the
institution! With what he would have replaced it one cannot possibly
imagine, but it is indicative of the direction in which this institution has
been going for far too long that the matter was even broached. And with
regards to the NAACP, Rawls is on record as saying, "One of the things I
would love to have in the Museum of the Confederacy here is an NAACP
meeting. It would send a signal to all Americans of what we are all about."
It certainly would do that! But to the people for whom this institution is
not just a collection of relics from a dead past, the "signal" sent by such
an arrangement would be unjustifiable, undesirable and, given the NAACP's
sordid history, intolerable.
The crux of the problem was brought to light in an April 4th, 2007 newspaper
article in the Washington Post. Under the headline: . . the onetime "Shrine
of the South" . . . faces an uncertain future - History's Changing Tide:
"Attendance (for the MoC) has dropped by nearly half over the past decade .
. . (a)nd this is in Richmond, the capital of the Confederacy . . . It may
even have to change its name. That same doleful report said the Museum of
the Confederacy, though it has made efforts to distance itself from being an
unabashed shrine, still 'conjures up in the public mind images of slavery,
racism, and intolerance. . . . [It] carries enormous, intransigent, and
negative intellectual and emotional baggage.'"
The article then quotes Rawls as saying, " '. . . the museum was where
Confederate veterans came to give their items to make a statement. Richmond
was the epicenter of the Civil War. . . So yes, there's a symbolic message
to our moving.' [and can't we all guess what that message is!]
"But (the article states) it's also about a historic shift in the mind-set
of the white South, whose psychological underpinnings were held together for
more than a century by the romantic ideal of "the lost cause" of the
Confederacy. This held the antebellum world as a largely mythological place,
a land of moonlight and magnolias, of "Gone With the Wind," of mint juleps
and Henry Timrod's 'Ode to the Confederate Dead at Magnolia Cemetery':
Stoop, angels, hither from the skies!
There is no holier spot of ground
Than where defeated valor lies . . .
Swept Away By History.
"These sorts of atmospherics floated about in the cultural id, but the
tangible remnants of the belief were preserved here (the MoC): Robert E.
Lee's uniform, the plumed hat of J.E.B. Stuart, hundreds of battle flags,
thousands of soldiers' letters from mud-filled trenches that soon would
become their graves. People brought such things from across the war-ravaged
South, thousands of them, artifacts presented with such reverence that they
were called 'sacred relics.'"
So here, in a nutshell, is the course on which the Administration of the MoC
has chosen to embark and the reasons for that choice. Though the North is
filled with "shrines" to those who died in order to coerce the South by
military might back into a union that the vast majority of its people had
rejected, the South apparently is not permitted any such shrine to the
memory of those who resisted that tyranny with their last full measure of
devotion. In fact, it probably won't even be permitted to retain as
historical relics the artifacts of its past because they "offend" the
sensibilities of the politically correct - black and white. In the
meanwhile, it seems that the present Administration of the Museum of the
Confederacy is doing its damnedest to make the transition from shrine to
tomb as rapid and as covert as possible.
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